payment of a fee or subscription, some publishers make their research
articles accessible. In the interest of wider dissemination of
knowledge, other publishers will make some articles openly accessible
(open access), meaning that users can freely access and read with work
without any need for further payment or subscription.
enable the research publication to be openly accessible, a publisher
may charge an author a certain fee to cover the costs of such
review is a process where experts in a particular field assess and edit
submitted research in order to ensure that the contents are credible and
reliable and that it qualifies as quality research output.
model of openly accessible publications has led to a rise in
illegitimate journals based on an alternative business model (publish in
our open access journal fast, usually at a high fee) whilst in reality,
there is minimal or no peer review at all and the journal likely exists
only on paper but not in theory.
illegitimate, scam or fake journals in such a sense are predatory, i.e.
preying on researchers (who may be desperate to publish) by charging
high fees but providing no real service in return (i.e. peer review) via
result of publication in a predatory journal is the contamination of the
quality of research due to substandard research which often lacks in
meticulous peer review procedures, leading readers to rely on the wrong
or unchecked information. As some of the research is not indexed nor the
journals recognized by the scientific community, it is worth being
extremely cautious when publishing with such journals.
is important to note that, legitimate journals are also likely to have
ineffective or no peer review. This does not mean that those legitimate
journals are predatory but simply means that they have questionable
review processes and researchers should question any publications with
If you would like a session on how to spot and avoid a predatory journal before publishing, please book using the side tab.