Why seek permissions?
are necessary from the copyright holder at any point where users
utilize their copyright protected work. However, this will only be
applicable for usage that goes beyond the usual exceptions or
limitations of copyright law like fair dealing or fair use. Seeking
permissions ensures the lawful use of materials. This reduces the risk
of copyright infringement and the underlying penalties.
is the responsibility of each user to obtain permissions for the works
they would like to use by personally contacting the copyright holder.
For any complex clearance requests, please fill in the Copyright Clearance Form
Copyright Office shall endeavour to respond to your request in a
timely, reliable and effective manner. However, there may be delays in
the processing of clearance requests as responses depend on copyright
Users may review the Copyright Policy for the clearance process and various copyright guidelines.
Copyright Office is an institutional facilitator for copyright
clearance. We advise internally based on the jurisdiction/country and
its applicable laws of each of our global locations. The Copyright
Office is not a legal office and mainly gives direction on the copyright
issues presented to it and ensuring internal copyright compliance.
Users may contact the Office of the General Counsel or seek external assistance for any matters pertaining to personal legal advice.
When to seek copyright clearance
conditions where one should seek the assistance of the Copyright Office
in obtaining clearance permissions include when one needs to:
Distribute a course pack in print or electronic format
Post content on an e-learning system
Post content to the institution's intranet
Post materials on a public website
Photocopy documents for library reserve
Borrow or lend material through ILL
Reproduce an out-of-print book
Use content in a private consulting engagement
Republish content in a dissertation/thesis
Use or republish content in university events and exhibitions
Conduct research for non-classroom use (e.g., during an instructor's private consulting engagement) or
Use content in a presentation (e.g. PowerPoint or other platform)
the reference to above mentioned examples, simply giving reference or
credit to the source of content is not a substitute for seeking
some works may contain materials—text, images and graphics—from
multiple copyright holders and may require separate authorization from
each copyright holder one.