Appendix B: Resources Used or Consulted by the Commission 

Publications, presentations, interviews, and other resources the Commission has used or consulted are listed here. Materials prepared especially for the Commission are indicated by an asterisk. Unpublished materials—including written submissions prepared by several commissioners—will be, with the authors' consent, deposited in the University archives for consultation by the administration.

Introductory and Background Materials

*The Second Chancellor's Commission Terms of Reference, April 2021.

Possible Courses for Development of the Aga Khan University, prepared by a Harvard University committee under the chairmanship of President Derek Bok, 1983. [“The Harvard Report"]

Terms of Reference, Chancellor's Commission to Study the Future of the Aga Khan University, October 1992.

Report of the Aga Khan Medical Centre Committee, July 1993.

The Future of the Aga Khan University: Evolution of a Vision. Report of the Chancellor's Commission, 1994. [“The First Chancellor's Commission Report"]

Government of Pakistan. The Aga Khan University Order 1983. President's Order #3. March 16, 1983. As amended by The Aga Khan University (Amendment) Order, 2002. Source of Orders: Gazette of Pakistan, Part I, dated March 2, 1983, and April 4, 2002, respectively. [“The Aga Khan University Charter"]

Government of Kenya. Charter for the Aga Khan University-Kenya. Constituted under the Universities Act 2012 (No. 42 of 2012), dated June 11, 2021.

The Aga Khan University's Economic Impacts in Pakistan, conducted by Centennial Group International, 2017.

AKU Research, 2020.

AKU Environment and Decarbonisation Plan, October 2022; and memorandum from AKU President Dr Sulaiman Shahabuddin, AKU's first-ever Environment and Decarbonisation Plan, October 27, 2022.

“AKDN Environment and Climate Commitment Statement," March 2022.

Report of the University Review Task Force, Draft for Consultation, July 2022.

AKU Onwards: Strategic Work Plan 2023-2027, Draft for Consultation, May 2023. 

Agenda Papers, Presentations, and Meeting Summaries

* AKU Chancellor's Commission Inaugural Meeting Summary (July 28-29, 2021), August 2021.

*AKU Chancellor's Commission Second Meeting Summary (October 8, 2021), October 2021. 

*AKU Chancellor's Commission Summary of Working Group Discussions, December 7, 2021.

*AKU Chancellor's Commission Third Meeting Summary (May 30-31, 2023), June 2023.

*Overview: The Aga Khan Development Network, presentation by President Firoz Rasul, July 2021.

*AKU Financial Overview, presentation by Mr Al-Karim Haji, Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer, July 2021.

*AKU Health Services Overview, presentation by Dr Shawn Bolouki, Vice President, Health Services, July 2021.

*AKU Report on the Academy, presentation by Dr Carl Amrhein, Provost and Vice President, Academic, July 2021.

*AKU Human Resources Overview, presentation by Ms Wasan Miglioranza, Vice President, Human Resources, July 2021.

*Perspective on Research at the Institute for Human Development, presentation by Professor Amina Abubakar, Director, Institute for Human Development, July 2021.

*Perspective on Research at the Medical College (Pakistan), presentation by Dr Asad Ali, Associate Dean Research AKU Medical College (Pakistan), July 2021.

*The First Chancellor's Commission 1994 Report and its Recommendations, presentation by President Firoz Rasul, July 2021.

*Office of the Provost, Report on the Academy for the Chancellor's Commission, July 2021.

Faculty of Arts and Sciences Programme Overview, 2021.

*Chancellor's Commission Briefing Note: Changes in the World and in Higher Education Since 1994, and Their Implications for the Future AKU, Draft for Consultation, May 2023.

*Chancellor's Commission Briefing Note: Envisaging a Future Aga Khan University, Draft for Consultation, May 2023.

Materials Used by Commission Working Groups

*The Higher Education Landscape: Overview and Map (Working Group 1), presentation, October 27, 2021.

*A Comprehensive University: Overview and Map (Working Group 2), presentation, November 3, 2021.

*Finance, Resources, Governance: Overview and Map (Working Group 3), presentation, November 4, 2021.

University of Central Asia Undergraduate Prospectus: The Journey Begins Here, 2021. 

Report: Inaugural Meeting of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences International Advisory Committee March 9-11, 2022, Karachi, Pakistan, 2022.

Laura Yaeger and Mark Finlan, “Design for Affordability: How Can Your Institution Advance Affordability and Financial Sustainability Goals?" Trusteeship Magazine 29:4, July/August 2021. Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB),

Paul L. Gaston, General Education Transformed: How We Can, Why We Must. Washington, DC: Association of American Colleges and Universities, 2015.

Harvard University Task Force on the Arts, Report, December 2008.

Harvard University Presidential Task Force on Inclusion and Belonging, Pursuing Excellence on a Foundation of Inclusion, 2018.


The following published materials were consulted in the development of individual Commissioners' written submissions and/ or the final report.

Speeches by His Highness the Aga Khan, accessed July 26, 2023.

Acceptance of the Charter of the Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan, March 16, 1983.

Aga Khan University's tenth anniversary, Karachi, Pakistan, November 19, 1994.

Speech at the ceremony to inaugurate the restored Humayun's Tomb Gardens, New Delhi, India, April 15, 2003.

Address at the Leadership and Diversity Conference, Gatineau, Quebec, Canada, May 19, 2004.

Speech delivered at the Nobel Institute, Oslo, Norway, April 07, 2005.

Opening ceremony of the IPI World Congress and 54th general assembly, Nairobi, Kenya, May 22, 2005.

Remarks upon receiving the "Tolerance" award at the Tutzing Evangelical Academy, Tutzing, Germany, May 20, 2006.

Stephen Ogden Lecture at Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, March 10, 2014.

Samuel L. & Elizabeth Jodidi Lecture at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, November 12, 2015.

Address at the Aga Khan Music Awards prize-giving ceremony at the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, Portugal, March 31, 2019.

Message from His Highness the Aga Khan, Chancellor of the Aga Khan University, on the inaugural Founder's Day, the 40th anniversary, and the convocation of the Class of 2022. Delivered by Princess Zahra Aga Khan in Karachi, Pakistan, March 18, 2023. ​

External Sources

Adams, Jonathan (2012). “The rise of research networks," Nature 490, 335–336, October 18, 2012.

Adepoju, Aderanti (2022). “Migration Dynamics, Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons in Africa," UNGA High-Level Summit to Address Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants, September 19, 2022.

Ali, Nosheen (2016). “From Hallaj to Heer: Poetic Knowledge and the Muslim Tradition," Journal of Narrative Politics, 3:1, 5.

AlphaBeta (2021). Building Skills for the Changing Workforce: AWS Global Digital Skills Study. Commissioned by Amazon Web Services, November 2021.

Altbach, Philip G. (2023) “The Quiet Global Revolution of Elite Private Higher Education," International Higher Education 115: Summer 2023.

Anagnostopoulos, Chris, et al. (2023). “Real-world data quality: What are the opportunities and challenges?" McKinsey Life Sciences Practice (, January 5, 2023.

Asani, Ali. (2020). “Islam, Arts and Pedagogy," in Architecture of Coexistence: Building Pluralism, ed. A. Akšamija. Berlin: ArchiTangle, 265-273

Biasutti, Michela, Mingfang Ting, and Spencer A. Hill (2022). “Guest Post: How the South Asian monsoon is changing in a warming climate," Carbon Brief (, September 15, 2022.

Brinks, Melissa (2023). “College Transfer Acceptance Rates: Which Schools Accept the Most Students?" blog post,, February 1, 2023.

Burns, Tiffany, and Erica Coe (2022). “Beyond burnout: What helps—and what doesn't," McKinsey Health Institute podcast, October 7, 2022.

Brasca, Claudio, et al. (2019). “Transformation 101: How universities can overcome financial headwinds to focus on their mission," McKinsey & Co. (, May 22, 2019.

Chabot, Pascal (2017). Exister, résister. Ce qui dépend de nous. Paris: PUF.

Clark, Emily, Shubham Singhal, and Kyle Weber (2021) “The future of healthcare: Value creation through next-generation business models," McKinsey & Co. (, January 4, 2021.

De Maret, Pierre, and Jamil Salmi (2018). “World-Class Universities in a Post-Truth World". In Wu, Y., Wang, Q, and N. Cai Liu (Eds). World-Class Universities: Towards a Global Common Good and Seeking National and Institutional Contributions. Leiden and Boston: Brill Sense, 70-87.

Dixon-Fyle, Sundiatu, et al. (2020). Diversity Wins: How Inclusion Matters, McKinsey & Co. Report, May 19, 2020.

Dua, André, et al. (2020). “Reimagining Higher Education in the United States," McKinsey & Co. (, October 26, 2020.

Eck, Diana (2016). “Pluralism Project celebrates silver anniversary," Harvard University Gazette, September 19, 2016.

Economist Intelligence Unit (2021). Democracy Index 2021: The China Challenge.

Ellsworth, Diana, Drew Goldstein, and Bill Shaninger (2021). “Inclusion doesn't happen by accident: Measuring inclusion in a way that matters," McKinsey & Co. (, February 16, 2021.

Ernst, Carl W. (2003). Following Muhammad. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. 

ESEI International Business School (2023). “The Future of Work: How AI is impacting jobs and the Labor Market," blog, February 14, 2023. 

Forster, Piers M., et al (2022). “Indicators of Global Climate Change 2022: annual update of large-scale indicators of the state of the climate system and human influence," Earth System Science Data, 15: 2295–2327, 2023, 2296.

Fountain, Henry (2022). “The South Asia Monsoon Is Becoming More Extreme," New York Times, October 4, 2022.

Frank, Robert H. (2016). Success and Luck: Good Fortune and the Myth of Meritocracy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Freedman, Josh (2013). “The Typical College Student Is Not A 'Typical' College Student (And Other Fun College Demographics Data)," Forbes, September 20, 2013.

Frieden, Jeffry (2018). “The backlash against globalization and the future of the international economic order," prepared for a Policy Network volume, The Next Phase of Globalisation: Capitalism and Inequality in the Industrialized World, Harvard University, February 2018.

Grieser, Alexandra (2015). “Aesthetics," in Vocabulary for the Study of Religion, eds. von Stuckrad, K. and R. Segal. Brill: Leiden, vol. 1, 14-23.

Hall, Stephen, et al. (2022). “Reimagining Education in MENAP," McKinsey & Co. (, July 26, 2022.

Hartenstein, Lars, and Tom Latkovic (2022). “The secret to great health? Escaping the healthcare matrix," McKinsey Health Institute (, December 20, 2022.

Hazelkorn, Ellen, ed. (2016). Global rankings and the geopolitics of higher education: Understanding the influence and impact of rankings on higher education, policy and society. London: Routledge.

Hediger, Viktor, et al. (2018). “Health system financing: Tips for emerging markets," McKinsey & Co. (, April 13, 2018.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (2013). Climate Change 2013: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Stocker, T.F., D. Qin, G.-K. Plattner, M. Tignor, S.K. Allen, J. Boschung, A. Nauels, Y. Xia, V. Bex and P.M. Midgley (eds.)]. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press.

Karliner, Josh, et al. (2019). Health Care's Climate Footprint: How the Health Sector Contributes to the Global Climate Crisis and Opportunities for Action. Health Care Without Harm Climate-smart Health Care Series. Green Paper Number One. Produced in collaboration with Arup, September 2019.

Kigotho, Wachira (2020). “Sub-Saharan Africa leads the world on student mobility," University World News. 3 December 2020.

Levy, Ro'ee (2021). “Social Media, News Consumption, and Polarization: Evidence from a Field Experiment," American Economic Review 2021, 831–870.

MacGregor, Karen (2022). “Higher education report charts rise of the Global South," University World News, March 12, 2022.

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McMillan Cottom, Tressie (2018). Lower Ed: The Troubling Rise of For-Profit Colleges in the New Economy. New York: The New Press, 2018.

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Pariser, Eli (2021). The Filter Bubble: What the Internet is Hiding from You. New York: Penguin.

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Qureshi, Asad Sarwar. (2009). “Managing Salinity in the Indus Basin of Pakistan," International Journal of River Basin Management 7:2 (2009), 111–117.

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Interviews and Consultations

When circumstances thwarted the Commission's planned visits to AKU campuses and in-person consultations with the key stakeholders, AKU facilitated interviews and consultations between individual commissioners and the University's executive officers, faculty, and subject-matter specialists, including from the wider Aga Khan Development Network and external institutions. 

While AKU's Board of Trustees and executive team underwent significant transitions over the past three years, the University leadership offered unwavering support to the Commission. The Commission would like particularly to thank past and current Board Chairs, Dr Halie T. Debas and Mr Zakir Mahmood; past and current Presidents Mr Firoz Rasul and Dr Sulaiman Shahabuddin; and AKU Provost and Vice President, Academic Dr Carl Amrhein for their guidance and advice.  

The Commissioners are grateful to the following individuals for sharing their knowledge and experience through in-person and virtual interviews, text review, and consultations:

Mr Abdul F. Bhanji, OBE FCA, Senior Advisor, PwC; Deputy Chairman, University of London; Former Chairman, Aga Khan Foundation-United Kingdom 

Mr Michael Currier, Editor and Consultant, Boston, USA 

Dr Paul Dhalla, Director of Environment, Climate and Sustainability, AKDN 

Professor Diana Eck, Director of the Pluralism Project and Professor of Comparative Religion and Indian Studies, Frederic Wertham Professor of Law and Psychiatry in Society, Harvard College Professor, Harvard University, USA 

Dr Kulsoom Ghias, The Feerasta Family Endowed Chair and Associate Professor, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, AKU 

Dr Nabeel Gillani, Director of the Plural Connections Group and Assistant Professor of Design and Data Analysis at Northeastern University, USA 

Professor Anjum Halai, Vice-Provost Asia and UK and Founding Dean, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, AKU 

Ms Shagufta Hassan, Vice President, Finance and Chief Financial Officer, AKU 

Dr Anil Khamis, Resea rch Faculty & Lead Researcher, AKU Sustainable Development Goals Mapping Project, AKU Institute for Human Development, East Africa; AKU Institute for Educational Development, East Africa 

Professor Tashmin Khamis, Vice Provost, Quality, Teaching and Learning, Director, Networks of Quality, Teaching and Learning, AKU 

Mr Shaukat Ali Khan, Chief Information Officer, AKU 

Dr Shenila Khoja-Moolji, Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani Associate Professor of Muslim Societies, Georgetown University, USA 

Dr Sadaf Khan, Associate Dean, Undergraduate Medical Education, AKU 

Professor Stephen Lyon, Inaugural Dean Faculty of Arts and Sciences, AKU
Faculty of the Institute of Muslim Civilizations, AKU 

Dr Farid Panjwani, Dean, AKU Institute for Educational Development, Pakistan 

Dr Jane Rarieya, Dean, AKU Institute for Educational Development, East Africa 

Dr Fawzia Rasheed, Senior Advisor to the Director for Health, AKDN 

Mr Onno Ruhl, General Manager, Aga Khan Agency for Habitat 

Professor Sarah Bowen Savant, Professor and Director, Centre for Digital Humanities, AKU Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations, United Kingdom 

Dr Gijs Walraven, Director for Health and Health Coordinator, AKDN 

Dr Philip Wood, Tejpar Professor of Inter-Religious Studies and Head of Education and Learning, AKU Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations, United Kingdom 

The Commission also wishes to thank members of the faculty and staff of the AKU Institute for Educational Development, Pakistan and the AKU Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations, United Kingdom who participated in meetings and focus groups with individual Commissioners.​