Health experts are meeting in Kampala, Uganda, to determine how to improve the lives of mothers and children in East Africa as global attention and resources focus on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) over the next 15 years.
The two-day symposium, bringing together healthcare providers, programmers, academic institutions and researchers, has been organised by the Aga Khan University’s Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health (CoE WCH), and School of Nursing and Midwifery in East Africa in partnership with Makerere University’s Maternal and Newborn Centre of Excellence, The Coalition of Centres in Global Child Health, and the SickKids Centre for Global Child Health in Toronto, Canada.
Speaking during the opening ceremony on behalf of Health Minister Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng, the Assistant Commissioner, Child and Newborn Health Dr. Jesca Nsungwa Sabiiti called for a multi-sectoral approach to address issues related to SDGs in East Africa.
Dr. Sabiiti said efficient and sustainable solutions to SDGs cutting across local and national boundaries will only be realised if governments, businesses, civil society and academic institutions worked together.
“It is very commendable of AKU and Makerere University to organise this symposium because it shows that stakeholders are beginning to take ownership of the SDGs which is very critical for success,” she added.
She went on to say “The Government of Uganda is committed to playing its role with regard to the SDGs as a priority because it was selected as a second wave Global Financing Facility country. With this, we revitalized a process which began in 2013 around the development of a Sharpened RMNCAH (Reproductive Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health) Plan.”
Uganda is also working with eight other countries (Bangladesh, Cote d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, India, Malawi, Nigeria, and Tanzania) to reduce preventable deaths of pregnant women and newborns in their health facilities by half within the next 5 years, she disclosed.
The Founding Director of AKU’s CoE WCH Professor Zulfiqar Bhutta, underscored the importance of developing indicators that would help track progress in achieving the SDGs.
“There is need to set up a national steering committee to review the pace of efforts to achieve the SDGs and to ensure that all stakeholders are held accountable,” he said. Maternal and child mortality has been reduced by half in East Africa but the burden is still huge, he added.
Improving the health of women and children around the world is a top priority for the international community as evidenced by the inclusion of specific health targets in the SDGs.
Dr. Wilson Were, Director of the Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health Program at the World Health Organization, said “Whilst a lot has been learnt under the MDGs, there is urgent need for increased investments in the health sector if the SDGs are to be realized.”
“Stakeholders also need to share strategies and capacity to support the broader SDGs agenda with more focus on youth, adolescents and vulnerable groups,” he added.
SDG 3 seeks to ensure health and well-being for all, at every stage of life. The aim is to improve reproductive, maternal and child health; end the epidemics of HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and neglected tropical diseases; reduce non-communicable and environmental diseases; achieve universal health coverage; and ensure universal access to safe, affordable and effective medicines and vaccines.
In Uganda the infant mortality rate has declined from 54 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011 to 43 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016, according to the sixth Demographic and Health Survey 2016 report released by the Uganda Bureau of Statistics last month.
The report further indicates that child mortality has seen a steady decrease from 38 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011 to 22 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2016. Maternal mortality has decreased from 438 deaths per 100,000 live births to 336 deaths per 100,000 live births during the same period.
There is also marked improvement in pregnant women attending four or more antenatal care visits from 48 per cent in 2011 to 60 per cent in 2016 while the number of births in health facilities increased from 57 per cent in 2011 to 73 per cent in 2016.
According to Dr. Peter Waiswa, Associate Professor at Makerere University, East African countries must not only prioritise maternal, newborn and child health, but also have a regional strategy to achieve the targets to reduce deaths and disabilities while ensuring that survival and well-being is at the center of implementation of the SDGs.
“An area long neglected is neonatal health and stillbirths. Countries need systems to count these and account for each loss. The low hanging fruits for East Africa in the area of maternal, newborn and child health seems to be improving efficiency of systems through smart governance, financing and accountability; integrated implementation; improving quality of care along the continuum of maternal, newborn and child health; and scaling up family planning services and nutrition,” he said.
The symposium is the first of three to be held in East Africa. The other two will be held in Tanzania and Kenya respectively.
Keynote speakers at the symposium included Dr. Jemima Denis, President, Ghana College of Nurses and Midwives and Regional Representative and Board Member ICM; Dr. Peter Waiswa, Associate Professor, Makerere University; Prof. Dr. Marleen Temmerman, Director Centre of Excellence in Women and Child Health in East Africa; and Dr. Maggie Blott, Chair of Obstetrics, Corniche Hospital, Abu Dhabi.