​Population Health Faculty  

Our team consists of highly-skilled multi-disciplinary faculty with expertise from the medical, public health, social, demography, statistical and policy sciences. Our vision is to contribute to the health of populations, particularly those most in need, by using a population health science approach.

Full-Time Faculty

Stanley Luchters.jpgProf Stanley Luchters (MD, MSc PHDC, PhD) 
Chair, Department of Population Health

Prof Stanley Luchters is the Chair of the Department of Population Health at the Aga Khan University in Nairobi, Kenya. He is a trained medical doctor (2000, University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands) with a Master of Science Degree in Public Health for Developing Countries (2003, LSHTM, UK) and a PhD in Health Sciences from Ghent University (2008, Belgium) on opportunities for targeted HIV prevention among most-at-risk populations. He holds academic appointments as a Visiting Professor at the Department of Public Health and Primary Care, Ghent University (Belgium), an Adjunct Associate Professor at the Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, (Australia), and as an Honorary Principal Fellow at the Burnet Institute (Australia).

Prof Luchters is a medical epidemiologist. His work experience has focused on sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) among people in resource-constrained settings. His main expertise is in the design, conduct and evaluation of population health interventions. For over 15 years, he worked in various low- and middle income countries in Asia (Thailand) and particularly Sub-Saharan Africa (Kenya, Rwanda, South Africa and Malawi).

He has extensive experience leading research teams in various resource-constrained settings, implementing studies from qualitative inquiries to diagnostic accuracy studies to quasi-experimental operations research trials, and ICH-GCP compliant clinical trials. He conceived and conducted 38 clinical, diagnostic accuracy, epidemiological and behavioral studies in resource-constrained settings, 24 as the lead Principal Investigator. Since 2007, he has published over 150 articles, including original research articles, opinion pieces, reviews, four WHO guidelines and numerous policy briefs.


  1. Use of long-acting reversible contraception in a cluster-random sample of female sex workers in Kenya. Ampt FH, Lim MSC, Agius PA, Chersich MF, Manguro G, Gichuki CM, Stoové M, Temmerman M, Hellard M, Luchters S. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2019 May 14 (Epub ahead of print)

  2. Menstrual hygiene management and school absenteeism among adolescent students in Indonesia: evidence from a cross-sectional school-based survey. Davis J, Macintyre A, Odagiri M, Suriastini W, Cordova A, Huggett C, Agius PA, Faiqoh, Rahma A, Inatsan B, Budiyani AE, Quillet C, Cronin AA, Diah M, Triwahyunto A, Luchters S, Kennedy E. Trop Med Int Health. 2018 Oct 4. Doi:10.1111/tmi. 13159

  3. Triple-antiretroviral compared with zidovudine and single-dose nevirapine prophylaxis during pregnancy and breastfeeding for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 (Kesho Bora study): a randomized controlled trial. The Kesho Bora Study Group. Lancet Infect Dis. 2011 Mar;11(3):171-80. Epub 2011 Jan 13. Erratum in: Lancet Infect Dis. 2011 Mar;11(3):159

  4. Field performance and diagnostic accuracy of a low-cost instrument-free point-of-care CD4 test (VISITECT® CD4) performed by different health worker cadres among pregnant women. Luchters S, Technau K, Mohamed Y, Chersich MF, Khan S, Agius P, Pham MD, Garcia ML, Forbes J, Shepherd A, Coovadia A, Crowe SM, Anderson DA. J Clinical Microbiology. 2019 Jan 30. Pii: e01277-18

Michaela Mantel.jpgDr Michaela Mantel (MD, MPHO)
Senior Lecturer

Dr Michaela Mantel is a Senior Advisor & Senior Health Programme Officer and part-time Senior Lecturer at the Department of Population Health, Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya. She has a Medical Degree (Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany), a Master of Science Degree in Public Health with a focus on International Health, Reproductive, Maternal and Child Health (Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, USA) and a Postgraduate degree in Medicine in Developing Countries (University of Heidelberg, Germany). In addition, she has a degree in Architecture from Technical University in Munich, Germany.

Dr Mantel has extensive experience in sexual, reproductive health and rights, maternal, newborn and child health, adolescent health, infectious diseases prevention and treatment. In addition, she has experience in health system development, health sector reforms and devolution of health systems; quality standards in health care delivery, primary health care as well as public-private partnerships in health system strengthening.


  1. Technical reports/studies/technical papers: over 200 in needs and gaps assessments; formative and feasibility studies; project evaluations; health sector reform programme evaluations.  The reports/papers were submitted to the contracting agencies and disseminated to the relevant key stakeholders at national and local levels in meetings, workshops, at national fora and committees, and conferences. 

  2. Dr Michaela Mantel in collaboration with the Philippines Department of Health “Development of a Policy Framework and Implementation Plan for the Philippine Sector Development Approach for Health (SDAH); Assessment Report and Proposals; 31.05.2005

  3. Theses/ dissertation: Doctoral research: Thesis in Neonatology at the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany 1985

Anthony Edited Photo.PNGDr Antony Ngugi (PhD, MSc, DLSHTM)
Assistant Professor

Dr Anthony Ngugi is an Epidemiologist at the Department of Population Health at the Aga Khan University in Nairobi, Kenya. He is a trained Veterinary Surgeon (2001, University of Nairobi, Kenya). He graduated with a Master of Science Degree in Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics (2007, University of Nairobi, Kenya) and a PhD and Post-graduate Diploma (research) in Epidemiology and Population Health at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (2012, London, United Kingdom) on Epidemiology of epilepsy in five countries in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Dr Ngugi is a population health researcher with over 10 years of experience in health research in Africa. His interests include epilepsy, health systems strengthening, community health and maternal and child health and statistical aspects of epidemiology.

He has co-led a large multicenter study of epidemiology of epilepsy covering over 600,000 population in demographic surveillance sites in Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Ghana and South Africa. Dr Ngugi has also been involved as a co-investigator in the Countdown to 2015 Kenya Country Case Study and Principal Investigator in the Countdown to 2030 - Kenya Chapter. These analyses are aimed at tracking country progress and its determinants towards the achievement of MDGs and SDGs targets related to Reproductive, Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health.

Dr Ngugi is a member of the International Epidemiological Association (IEA) and the Health Systems Global (HSG). He sits in the global Aga Khan University Research Council (URC), the Aga Khan University (Nairobi) Research Committee (RC), and the Family Medicine Departmental Research Committee (DRC). He also coordinates the Research Methods course for the Medical College in Nairobi.


  1. Sayed S, Ngugi AK, Mahoney MR, Kurji J, Talib ZM, Macfarlane SB, Wallace T, Saleh M, Lakhani A, Nderitu E, Agoi F, Premji Z, Zujewski JA, Moloo Z (2019). Barriers and the role of Gender to accessing breast health care within a rural community in coastal Kenya. BMC Public Health. 19:180

  2. Keats EC, Akseer N, Bhatti Z, Macharia WM, Ngugi AK, Rizvi A, Bhutta ZA (2018). Assessment of Inequalities in Coverage of Essential Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn, Child, and Adolescent Health Interventions in Kenya. JAMA Network Open. 1(8):e185152. 

  3. Ngugi AK, Nyaga LW, Lakhani A, Agoi A, Hanselman M, Lugogo G, Mehta KM. Prevalence, incidence and predictors of volunteer community health worker attrition in Kwale County, Kenya. BMJ Global Health 2018;3:e000750. ​​

Adelaide Lusambili.jpgDr Adelaide Lusambili (PhD, MA, MSW-MH)
Assistant Professor

Dr Adelaide Lusambili is a Social Scientist at the Department of Population Health at the Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya. She has a Master Degree in Social Work - Mental Health (University of Sheffield, UK), MA in Sociology: Gender and Development and a PhD in Medical Anthropology (American University, Washington DC, USA). She conducted her post-doctoral research fellowship at the Institute of Development Studies (University of Sussex, UK) and is a certified member of Health Care Professional Council (HCPC-UK), Royal Anthropological Society, Global Public Health Council and British Sociological Association.

She has extensive work experience that spans from being a lecturer and an applied health delivery researcher in an academic sector, within healthcare settings and in the communities, gained from both the UK and Africa. Her specialty teaching is in Social Behavioral Health Science, Qualitative Research Methods and Evidence Synthesis. 

Between 2009 -2017, Dr Lusambili worked with National Health Services, UK in collaboration with various local universities including Sheffield Hallam, Leeds and Bradford on various health research themes. In addition, she also had a joint senior research fellowship with KEMRI-Wellcome Trust and Institute of Health Care Management/Strathmore Business School.

At the Department of Population Health, she is taking a lead on all aspects of social science as well as developing research work with refugees, ageing, mental health and maternal–neonatal health. She supports resident doctors at AKU with qualitative research methods and she is leading on the development of Social Behavioral Health Science and Advanced Qualitative Research Modules for the forthcoming MSc in population health.


  1. Lusambili AM, Naanyu V, Wade TJ, Mossman L, Mantel M, Pell R, Ngetich A, Mulama K, Nyaga L, Obure J, Temmerman M. Deliver on Your Own: Disrespectful Maternity Care in rural Kenya. PLoS ONE. 2020;15(1). doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0214836

  2. Lusambili A, Bhanbhro S,  Muchanga K. Positionality, Access to the Social Space and Place of Research: Narratives from Research in Low Middle Income Settings. People, Place and Policy. 2020 Jun 11; 14(1):35-54. doi.org/10.3351/ppp.2020.6344577346 

  3. Lusambili, Adelaide, Jepkosgei, Joyline,  Nzinga, Jacinta;  English, Mike (2019).  What do we know about maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity audits in sub-Saharan Africa? A scoping literature review. International Journal of Human Rights in Healthcare ER  - DO  - 10.1108/IJHRH-07-2018-0052 JO

Abdul Mohiddin.jpgDr Abdu Mohiddin (MD, MPH, FFPH)
Assistant Professor 

Dr Abdu Mohiddin is a Public Health Physician-Scientist at the Department of Population Health, Aga Khan University in Nairobi, Kenya. Dr Mohiddin has a Medical Degree (Aberdeen University, UK) and is a Fellow of the Faculty of Public Health (UK), and has Master of Science Degree in Public Health (LSHTM, UK) and Development Economics (SOAS, UK).

Dr Mohiddin's teaching experience covers public health trainees and junior doctors, post-graduates (MSc) and medical students. His research addresses thematic topics including diabetes mellitus, sexual health, and maternal, child and adolescent health. He has further experience in developing and implementing multi-sectoral strategies to address and improve health. 

Currently, Dr Mohiddin is leading research on involving Kenyan fathers through the use of an mHealth intervention to improve newborn's and parents' health outcomes, and one project on the 2017 Health Care Workers Strike. He is also leading the development of educational courses on health policy and health economics.


  1. Betrán AP, Temmerman M, Kingdon C, Mohiddin A, Opiyo N, Torloni MR, Zhang J, Musana M, Wanyonyi SZ, Gülmezoglu AM, Downe S.  Interventions to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections in healthy women and babies.  Lancet 2018; 392: 1358–68 (part of the Lancet series on optimising caesarean section use).

  2. Mazzola F, Mohiddin A, Ward M and Holdsworth G.  How useful are child death reviews: a local area’s perspective. BMC Research Notes 2013 6:295.

  3. Holdsworth G, Criddle J, Mohiddin A, Polling K, Strelitz J.  Maximizing the role of emergency departments in the prevention of violence: developing an approach in South London.  Public Health. 2012 May;126(5):394-6.​

Dr Shumba.jpgDr Constance Sibongile Shumba (PhD, FHEA)
Assistant Professor 

Dr Shumba is a Faculty Member at the Department of Population Health at the Aga Khan University, Nairobi, Kenya. She has a PhD in Global Health (Human Resources for Health), Queen Margaret University, Institute for Global Health and Development, Edinburgh, Scotland; Doctor of Literature and Philosophy, Health Studies (Gender Based Violence), University of South Africa. She also has an MSc, International Health (Health Systems, Health Policy and Management), Queen Margaret University, Institute for Global Health and Development, Edinburgh, Scotland and BSc, Health Education and Health Promotion, University of Zimbabwe. She is also a Fellow of the Higher Education Academy (FHEA), Advance HE, United Kingdom.

Dr Shumba has 10 years’ experience in public health higher education and is an Honorary Faculty Member with the University of Liverpool, and previously worked with the University of Roehampton-London. Some of her research work has included qualitative studies on reflexivity in public health higher education. 

She strongly believes in upholding the health-related rights of women and girls, through contextually sensitive approaches that address drivers at the individual, community and system levels. She enjoys critically appraising evidence on the realities of health, gender and rights, and is passionate about advancing the rights of communities as co-producers of change and creating enabling environment that empower them to maximize their health potential.

Her areas of interest includes; Health systems and policy; sexual reproductive health and rights including gender based violence; electronic and blended learning; and reflective practice.


  1. Constance Sibongile Shumba, Karina Kielmann and Sophie Witter. Health workers’ perceptions of private-not-for-profit health facilities’ organizational culture and its influence on retention in Uganda. BMC Health Services Research, 17(1). December 2017. DOI 10.1186/s12913-017-2763-5 

  2. CS Shumba, J Miyonga, J Kiconco, P Kerchan, T Tumwesigye. A qualitative study on provider perspectives on the barriers to contraceptive use in Kaliro and Iganga districts, Eastern Central Uganda. Christian Journal for Global Health 3 (2), 60-71. 2016.

  3. P Memiah, C Shumba, M Etienne-Mesubi, S Agbor, MB Hossain, The effect of depressive symptoms and CD4 count on adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care 12. 2014​

James Orwa.jpgJames Orwa (MSc Biostatistics)
Instructor ​

James Orwa is an Instructor within the Department of Population Health at the Aga Khan University in Nairobi, Kenya and a Biostatistician at the Center of Excellence in Women and Child Health in East Africa. He has a Bachelor's Degree in Applied Statistics (Maseno University, Kenya) and a Master of Science Degree in Biostatistics (University of Hasselt, Belgium).

Mr Orwa has a wealth of experience working as a biostatistician on TB/HIV projects, HIV clinical trials, and community TB research. He has conducted evaluations and surveys, which includes the 2012 Kenya AIDS Indicator Survey and the Maternal, Newborn and Child Health Survey in Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Mali and Pakistan.


  1. Schmitz ME, Agolory S, Umuro M, Junghae M, Ombayo J, Broyles LN, Mukui I, Alwenya K, Orwa J, Ouma K, WagudeJ, Mwalili S, Ng’ang’aL, Yang C, Zeh C  Performance of Dried Blood Spots prepared under clinical conditions to identify virologic  failure among adults and children on antiretroviral therapy in Kenya.  

  2. Rinn Song, Ellie Click, Kimberly McCarthy, Walter Mchembere, James Orwa, Elisha Okeyo, Janet Agaya, Susan Musau, Albert Ochieng Okumu, Kevin Cain  Diagnostic Yield of Xpert MTB/RIF Assay and Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Culture on Respiratory and Non-Respiratory Specimens among Kenyan Children with and without HIV 

  3. Mukui I, Schmitz ME, Katana A, Kimeu M, Orwa J,  Munguti C, Adega A, Vakil S, Junghae M, Okonji J, Kwaro D, Muttai H, Zeh C Mwalili S, Rivadeneira ED, Agolory S, Ng’ang’a L Prevalence and determinants of virological failure among children on antiretroviral therapy in Kenya.