It is one of the most water stressed countries in the world. Climate change will lead to profound challenges for its people, but how severely will it impact its wildlife? In the high Karakorum mountains, the retreating snowline has opened up the snow leopard’s territory to human encroachment and animal competition. Diminishing natural springs have contributed to a rise in human wildlife conflict. The Indus River delta, hosting a unique ecosystem and hundreds of migrating bird species, is drying up and disappearing into the Arabian Sea. Too many dams and agricultural canals have tapped out the river before it reaches the end of its 3000 km journey. Pakistan’s people and wildlife depend on saving this critical lifeline.