"The Politics of the Judiciary and the Legal System in Contemporary Iran"
December 4, 2018
ISMC's Governance Programme will bring together the contributors of an edited volume which aims to analyse the judicial and legal institutions of the Islamic Republic of Iran (IRI) in their social, political, and historical contexts. Both the application of the sharia and the rule of law have been major pillars of the ideology of the IRI since its inception. After the 1979 Revolution Ayatollah Khomeini denounced the secular legal system of the Pahlavis and pledged his commitment to a distinctly Islamic conception of legality. This declaration paved the way for the introduction, in 1982, of the first codification of the law of Hodud (punishments by divine right such as stoning for adultery) and Qesas (retaliation) derived from Shi’a jurisprudence (fiqh) replacing the secular penal code of 1926, to which new chapters on Diyat (blood-money) and Ta’azirat (discretionary punishments) were later added. Steps were also taken to Islamicise the judiciary and the court system. Since then, the judiciary and the legal system have been a central component in preserving the Islamic system as well as a vital instrument in defending the ‘deep state’ in Iran. This is reflected in the increasing judicialisation of politics under the Islamic Republic during the past two decades and the concomitant rise of ‘juristocracy’ (rule of judges) in Iran. The workshope will thus explore the historical, political and sociological dimensions of the judiciary, the courts, criminal law, property rights, lawyers, prisons and women and the judiciary in Iran.
Convenor: Hadi Enayat, AKU-ISMC
Venue: AKU-ISMC, Aga Khan Centre
Speakers: Sylvia Tellenbach (Max Planck Institute); Emad Tabatabaei (Georg-August Universitaet, Goettingen); Hossein Tabatabaei (Tarbiat Modares University); Gissou Nia (UNICEF and Iran Human Rights Documentation Centre); Mirjam Künkler (Lund Institute for Advanced Studies); Anna Enayat (St Anthony’s College, Oxford); Said Golkar (University of Tennessee at Chattanooga)
Programme | Listen to Podcasts
"Governance Systems and Early Travellers"
July 19, 2018 - WOCMES 2018 Conference Panel
Convenor: Gianluca P. Parolin, AKU-ISMC
Venue: WOCMES, Seville, Spain
Speakers: Nikos Sigalas (EHESS); Hassan Rezaei (UN Mission in Libya); Gianluca Parolin (AKU-ISMC)
Rezaei Paper | Parolin Paper
"Governance and Islam in East Africa: Muslims and the State"
January 17-18, 2018
ISMC's Governance Programme and AKU's East Africa Institute (EAI) brought together a group of international academics to explore the relationship between governance and Muslims in Kenya, and Tanzania in contemporary times. Recent studies of Muslims in East Africa have tended largely to explore two main approaches. The focus has been either to study Muslims in relation to security issues, or to explore the reforms attempted within the communities and their implications for Muslim theology, rituals and general welfare. However, a third approach, which has hitherto received less attention, is the relationship between Muslims and the governance of the countries in which they reside as citizens or residents. Such an approach, inclusive also of the other two dimensions, permits us to view the attitudes and activities of Muslims both in relation to themselves and to the various challenges they face in common with their fellow compatriots and citizens. This approach was addressed through the broad themes of Institutions, Law, and Politics and discussed in keynote conversations convened by Farouk Topan, Alex Awiti, Erin Stiles, Hassan Mwakimako, and Kai Kresse.
Convenors: Farouk Topan (AKU-ISMC) and Alex Awiti (AKU-EAI)
Venue: Aga Khan University, Nairobi
Participants: Erin Stiles (University of Nevada), Susan Hirsch (George Mason University), Tito Kunyuk (Mt Kenya University), Abdulkadir Hashim (University of Nairobi), Jeremy Prestholdt (University of California, San Diego), Halkano Wario (Egerton University), Kai Kresse (Columbia University), Hassan Mwakimako (Pwani University), M. Yunus Rafiq (Brown University), Felicitas Becker (Gent University), Mara Leichtman (Michigan State University), Hassan Ndzovu (Moi University), Lotte Knote (Freie Universität Berlin), Mark LeVine (University of California, Irvine), Kjersti Larsen (Museum of Cultural History, University of Oslo)
Programme | Listen to Podcasts
"Is Governance a Gender Issue? Perspectives from Muslim Contexts"
February 10-11, 2017
In the 25 years since the publication of Deniz Kandiyoti’s ground-breaking edited volume ‘Women, Islam and the State’, the universe of action and meaning surrounding the key terms of its title have been radically transformed. The workshop revisited the original debate and explored new terms of reference in light of key global developments, including the effects of neoliberal restructuring, contested and fragmented sovereignties, and the disarticulation of states entangled in a variety of external interventions and internal conflict. Drawing from case studies from the Middle East, North Africa, South Asia and Muslim Diasporas, the workshop addressed the questions of how and to what extent gender ideologies are enmeshed with systems of governance and the complex interactions between state, non-state and grassroots actors.
Convenors: Deniz Kandiyoti (SOAS), Nadje Al-Ali (SOAS) and Kathryn Spellman Poots (ISMC)
Venue: ISMC, London
Participants: Islah Jad (Qatar University); Naila Kabeer (LSE); Heba el-Kholy (Former UN Resident Coordinator and former Director of the UNDP Governance Center, Oslo); Shahrzad Mojab (University of Toronto); Corinna Mullin (University of Tunis); Nazanin Shahrokni (Syracuse University); Nadia Taher (UCL); Torunn Wimpelmann (CMI, Bergen)
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“Islamic Governance: Constraints and Opportunities”
November 18, 2016 - MESA 2016 Conference Panel
Convenor: Gianluca P. Parolin, AKU-ISMC
Venue: MESA in Boston, USA
Speakers: David H. Warren (University of Edinburgh); Asifa Quraishi-Landes (University of Wisconsin); Gianluca Parolin (AKU-ISMC)
"The Goverance of Water Resources in Muslim Contexts: Values, Traditions and Contemporary Policies"
March 12-13, 2015
Water security against the backdrop of global growth and climate change has become an issue of pressing concern. Multiple water challenges threaten global social and political stability. The criticality of these challenges is reflected in the World Economic Forum's 2015 Global Risks Report where water was ranked as the global risk with the greatest potential impact on economics and societies over the next ten years. Given today's accelerated pace of human development and the slow pace of managing issues as complex as water resources tomorrow's challenges are already at our door. If we continue with 'business as usual', then by 2050, half of the world's population, half of the global grain production and 45 per cent of GDP will be in regions at risk due to water stress.
Major shifts in conceptual approaches to water governance are thus needed in order to reach a more desirable future and limit calamities. This is particularly relevant as many societies are currently facing socio-economic transformation processes which need to be reflected in changes to their respective systems of governance. Responding to these challenges, ISMC’s Governance Programme and the Conseil Général du Développement Agricole (CGDA), a high-level policy think tank of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries in Morocco, jointly organised an international workshop with a follow-up
session hosted at the University of Fes the following day. Op-eds based on the workshop theme were published in The National and Inspire Jordan.
Conveners: Mohamed Ait Kadi (CGDA) and Abdou Filali-Ansary (ISMC)
Venue: CGDA, Morocco
Participants: Mohammed El Faiz (Université Cadi Ayyad de Marrakech); David Groenfeldt (Water-Culture Institute); Abdellah Herzenni (Independent Researcher, Morocco); Grigori Lazarev (Independent Researcher, Italy); Klaus Leisinger (Global Values Alliance Foundation); Tariq Madani (University of Oujda); Luis Veiga da Cunha (Portuguese Academy of Sciences); Houria Tazi Sadeq (UNESCO Chair in water management).
Listen to Podcasts | Read Op-ed in the National | Read Op-ed in Inspire Jordan
A New Water Culture towards Increasing Water Security by Mohamed Ait Kadi
Ethics as a Bridge between Traditional and Contemporary Water Governance by David Groenfeldt
Global Values for Global Development by Klaus M. Leisinger
The Right to Water: A Right in the Process of Implementation [Le droit à l’eau: un droit en voie de mise en œuvre] by Houria Tazi Sadeq