The Section of Haematology consists of the following three subsections:
- Routine Hematology
This subsection deals with routine tests such as Complete Blood Count (CBC), reticulocyte count, G6PD assay, ESR, osmotic fragility, bone marrow and bone trephines. Currently the lab performs about 2000 CBCs per day. The laboratory also performs various specialised tests such as chromatographic analysis of haemoglobin variants including HbA1c, special stains: PAS sudan black, LAP, esterase and iron. Serological tests like HIV and complete hepatitis A, B, C and E profiles are also performed.
- Haemostasis Laboratory
This subsection deals with routine coagulation tests like bleeding time, clotting time, prothrombin and partial thromboplastin time. Various specialised tests like thrombophilia screening, platelet aggregometry, factor assays, von Willebrand antigen and RC of Assay are also available.
- Transfusion Medicine
Blood grouping, antibody screening, identification and compatibility testing are performed on a fully automated system. Around 100 donors are bled on a daily basis, their blood is screened for various diseases and stored at the proper temperature. We have fully equipped faciliies to prepare various blood products including irradiated blood bags. Apheresis instruments are also available, which are used for therapeutic and donor apheresis procedures along with stem cell harvesting.
A very comprehensive teaching programme is in place, and it currently has seven residents, 32 technologists and 14 trainees on board. Formal lectures are delivered to doctors, technologists and trainees on a regular basis. This subsection has trained 9 residents to date. Our fellowship programme is very strong and prepares doctors for careers in academic or clinical haematology/oncology by providing rigorous and comprehensive training in the full spectrum of adult haematological and oncological disorders. The fellowship is a full five-year programme.
Residents are trained in laboratory aspects as well as in the clinical field. Basic and clinical research is an integral part of the training programme. Bringing the best of medical science to clinical practice is a major goal and a broad range of research opportunities are available. Residents are motivated to participate in conferences at the national level and present their research work. The educational programme also includes weekly journal club, evidence-based medicine and case discussion.
Additionally, interactive and morphology sessions are scheduled for Phase 3 undergraduate students on a weekly basis throughout the year.
Research is an inseparable goal in our mission. The focus is to evaluate the epidemiology of various benign and malignant diseases. Work has also started recently at the molecular level in various haematological diseases. We have published more than 60 papers in peer-reviewed journals during the past several years. A number of good quality papers have been presented in various scientific meetings at the national and international levels. To date, a total of four grants from the University Research Council have been awarded.