Dr Tazeen H. Jafar, MD MPH is the Director of the CEU. She is jointly appointed by the Departments of CHS and Medicine, AKU, and is adjunct faculty at the New England Medical Center, Tufts University, Boston, and at Imperial College London. Dr. Jafar trained in clinical research at Tufts University, Boston, and did her Master in Public Health from the Harvard School of Public Health. She is also certified by the American Boards of Internal Medicine, Nephrology, and Pediatrics.

Dr Jafar's work on Angiotensin Converting Enzyme in Progressive Renal Disease (AIPRD) Study inhibitors inchronic kidney disease instrumental in providing the foundation for inclusion of ACE inhibitors in the US National Kidney Foundation's K/DOQI Clinical Practice Guidelines on Hypertension and Antihypertensive Agents in Chronic Kidney Disease.

In Pakistan, Dr Jafar has led the first ever large scale, investigator-initiated, population based projects on strategies to control hypertension, and cardiovascular disease, and kidney disease. Much of this work is in collaboration with Imperial College London, and has been funded by the Wellcome Trust, UK (over 2 million dollars). Dr. Jafar is also the recipient of the Fogarty International Research Collaboration Award (FIRCA) given by the Fogarty International Center, NIH, for an in-depth analysis of the data from the National Health Survey of Pakistan (1990-1994). This project is being conducted in collaboration with Tufts University, Boston, Imperial College, UK, the Pakistan Medical Research Council, Islamabad, and the US Center for National Health Statistics (NCHS), Washington DC. Dr Jafar has published landmark papers on chronic diseases from the survey in journals of high impact factor. She was invited to write a perspective article on Chronic Kidney Disease in Pakistan in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Dr Jafar also serves as the director of the Master of Science in Clinical Research program and the Clinical Scholars Program at AKU. These programs offer training in research methodologies to clinical trainees and faculty from diverse disciplines.

Dr Imtiaz Jehan, MBBS, MSc, FCPS: is the co-Director of the CEU. Dr. Jehan has Masters in Epidemiology and Biostatistics from McGill University, Canada. She is faculty in CHS, an AKU Scholar and recipient of faculty development award. She is a Fogarty Fellow of National Institute of Health, US, in Research & Training at the University of Alabama, and also an IFPLP Fellow of International Health Program, Santa Cruz California. She has considerable experience in developing and directing training courses on Epidemiology & Biostatistics and of conducting research methodology workshops for medical professionals from diverse background. She has been directing the Epidemiology and Biostatistics module of the Regional Training Program (RTP) at AKU and also at AKHSP Mombasa, Kenya. Her expertise includes critical appraisal of methodological aspects of research project design. She has been coordinating population based research studies in CHS for its Urban Health Program funded by AKF. She is the principal investigator of a field trial of daily versus weekly iron supplementation on low socioeconomic pregnant women in Pakistan. She is a co-investigator in an ongoing international collaborative research of University of Alabama (UAB) at 10 centres on perinatal infections and pregnancy outcomes, funded by National Institute of Health, US. She has participated as technical consultant to WHO, EMRO in "Workshop on Tuberculosis Epidemiology in the Eastern Mediterranean Region" Alexandria, Egypt. She serves as a technical consultant and task force member of a collaborative national anaemia project of Asia Foundation and Ministry of Health. Her main areas of interest are Reproductive Health, Anemia and Infectious Diseases like RTIs and tuberculosis.

Dr Juanita Hatcher is a Canadian biostatistician/epidemiologist who has worked in a variety of settings; University, NGO and Government related. Her current research program focuses on community based clinical trials and health seeking behaviour in relation to health service planning. She is currently principal investigator on a community based prevention trial for post partum haemorrhage and co-principal investigator on a community based trial for effective control of high blood pressure, a study to understand determinants of Health Seeking Behaviour and their relationship to Health Service Utilization.

Prior to joining AKU, Dr Hatcher was responsible for cancer surveillance in Alberta, Canada. In this role she undertook outcome oriented research related to quality assurance, surveillance, and health service planning based on the Alberta Cancer Registry and other administrative data, research. She was also a member of national and international committees related to cancer survival and the quality of cancer registries. In collaboration with oncologists and cancer epidemiologist she also undertook research related to cancer prevention and treatment.

Dr Hatcher has also worked in England and Africa, where she has been involved in community health in developing countries including safe motherhood initiatives, hearing impairment and control of parasitic disease, including two treatment trials for malaria. She was a founding member of the Liverpool Hearing Impairment Research Group, a WHO collaborating centre,

Dr Hatcher has also supervised over 25 MSc students in Community Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, and 4 PhD students

Dr Saleem Jessani, MBBS, MSc: is a Senior Research Coordinator at the Department of Community Health Sciences and has been working here for the past 11 years. He has done MBBS from Liaquat Medical University, Jamshoro and MSc in Epidemiology and Biostatistics from the Aga Khan University. He has worked extensively for institutional strengthening of the government health system, improving HMIS and capacity building for primary health care under Family Health and Thatta Health System Research Projects. Since 2000, he has been working in various epidemiological studies related to hypertension, CVD and diabetes. Currently, he is leading a randomized controlled clinical trial, assessing the effects of low salt diet versus high salt diet on blood pressure.

Dr Shehla Zaidi, MBBS, MSc: is a Senior Instructor at the Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University, Karachi and has been working here for the past seven years. She is an MD from Aga Khan University and MSc in Health Policy and Management from Harvard University where she followed a health economics track.  She has worked extensively with the government for institutional strengthening of the government health system, improving health systems management and MIS and capacity building for primary health care. Her particular area of interest is health economics and she teaches cost effectiveness analysis and health economics courses in the MSc Programme for Health Policy and Management at AKU. She also contributes to undergraduate teaching and supervises students' research projects. At present she is leading a project on health and social development in rural Sindh, based on the development of creative private-public-community partnerships.

Dr Mehtab Karim, PhD: earned BA Honours degree (in Sociology & Economics) from the University of Karachi, MA from the University of Chicago and PhD (in Demography) from Cornell University.  He joined the faculty of Aga Khan University in 1983 and has been teaching courses in demography, survey research methods and biostatistics.  Besides he has directed over a dozen household sample surveys.  At present he is Professor of Demography and Head of Reproductive Health Program in the Department of Community Health Sciences and chairs the Graduate Studies Committee.

Earlier he has held academic appointments at; East-West Center (Hawaii, USA) and National Institute Health (Maryland, USA).  During 1997-98 he was a senior Associate at Johns Hopkins University's School of Public Health and in 1999, he was a Research Fellow at the London School of Economics.  He also worked as a long term consultant with the World Bank in Washington DC and on several occasions has been a consultant to the United Nations (New York), International Statistical Institute (London) and WHO (Geneva).   Besides, on behalf of UNDP he also served as an advisor to Pakistan Census Organization and Planning & Development Department, Government of Sindh.

Dr. Karim has published over 30 research articles and presented over 25 papers in international conferences.  He has co-edited two books and three two seminar proceedings and authored five reports of household surveys conducted in various areas of Pakistan.

Kausar S. Khan, MA: is Associate Professor, Department (CHS), Aga Khan University (AKU), Karachi, Pakistan with MA in Philosophy, Faculty of Humanities, McMaster University (1972). She has worked extensively in the areas of role of community in health systems; bioethics; communication; gender awareness and analysis; socio economic determinants of health; ethics, rights, and equity in health care; health and development; Social Perspective on Health; Health and Development; Gender and Development; Community Participation in Health and Social Development; Health and Human Rights; Participatory Methodology for Initiating Reflection, Analysis and Action; Urban and Rural Poor; She is the coordinator of School Nutrition Programme -- a Pilot Project with Education Department, Government of Sindh, in 7 rural districts of Sindh (1992 - June 1999). She has developed and taught courses on (i) Concept Development (Focus on:  Development; Gender; Environment; Violence; Power; Human Rights;  Health; and Self.) (ii) Self Awareness (Focus on impact of society on self; creation of stereo types, and how they are internalised; behaviour; communication skills - specially, reflective listening, and critical feedback.)  (iii) Participatory Methodology (PRA; theatre; other forms of participatory approaches.

Iqbal Azam, MSc: is Assistant Professor at the Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistsics at AKU. Mr. Azam has vast experience in data management of several projects, and providing statistical and data management consulting for the Aga Khan Health network. He is also heavily involved in teaching basic and advanced Biostatistics, and courses in Survey Sampling & Management Information Systems in the Masters Programme in Epidemiology and Biostatistics.

Rasool Bux, MSc (Computer Science) from University of Sindh Jamshoro with majors in Programming Languages (Visual Basic, Visual C++, C++, Software Engineering, System Analysis & Design, Computer Architecture) and BSc from Karachi University with majors in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry. Mr Bux is also a Microsoft Certified Professional (MCP) in designing and implementing desktop applications with Microsoft Visual Basic 6.0. Mr Rasool Bux has been working in the Department of Community Health Sciences, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan since November 1994 in different capacities like Data Management Coordinator, Senior Information Analyst II, Senior Information Analyst I, Information Analyst and Senior Information Assistant. Presently working as Senior Data Management Coordinator, his major job responsibilities are Data Management (Questionnaire Designing, Data Entry Programming and supervision, Data Editing, Cleaning and Backup, etc.) for various research projects of the department and partially involved in teaching, end-user support of the Department and computer network management. He is also assisting in Data Analysis using statistical software like SPSS 15.0, SAS 9.1.3, Stata 9.2 to faculty, staff members and students. He does programming for data management by using software such as SAS 9.1.3, MS Access 2003, Visual FoxPro 9.0, Visual Basic 6.0, Epi Info and others.

Dr Romaina Iqbal MSc, MPH, PhD is jointly appointed by the Departments of Community Health Sciences and Medicine. Dr Iqbal is a nutrition epidemiologist by training. She obtained her doctoral degree in Human Nutrition from McGill University, Canada and then undertook two years of post-doctoral training at McMaster University, Canada.

Dr Iqbal's research interest ranges from assessment of lifestyle risk factors (diet, body composition and physical activity) in relation with chronic disease outcomes such as cardiovascular disease and diabetes to under-nutrition issues such as assessment of Vitamin A deficiency in Pakistani children.

External Advisors:

Dr. Nish Chaturvedi MBBS, MSc, MRCP, is Professor of Clinical Epidemiology, Imperial College London. She is internationally renowned for her contribution to the field of non-communicable diseases, especially diabetes. She has considerable experience in designing and conducting field work, especially working with different ethnic groups, and in training investigators to adhere to a standardized protocol in the European wide EURODIAB study of type-I diabetes, and in clinical trials, most recently the EUCLID study.

Joseph Lau, MD, Dr. Lau is Professor of Medicine at the Division of Clinical Care Research at the New England Medical Center. He is the Director of one of AHRQ Evidence-based Practice Centers (EPC) and the Director of the New England Cochrane Center (Boston Office). He also heads an AHRQ funded programme to train "Evidence-Based Practitioners." He has published extensively on the methodologies and clinical applications of meta-analysis. He has given many lectures and short courses on meta-analysis nationally and internationally. He is a member of the editorial board of Clinical Evidence. His earlier work in cumulative meta-analysis of acute myocardial infarction treatment trials has won the distinction of being included in a proposed 27-articles core-canon of the western medical literature by the editor of the Lancet in 1997.

Kennedy Cruickshank, MBBS, MSc, MRCP, did an intercalated Physiology BSc during medical school at the University of Birmingham. After MRCP, his epidemiological MD compared diabetes and vascular disease in Caribbean-origin people between Jamaica (based at the University of the West Indies (UWI), Mona) and Britain. It looked at what factors might account for the lower rates of coronary disease in the UK among Caribbean-origin people, despite excess diabetes and high blood pressure, compared with the sharply contrasting picture for the South Asian experience. Comparative studies both between migrants from the Caribbean to Britain and between the sub-continent and the UK are ongoing.

An MSc In Epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine led on to a Wellcome Clinical Epidemiology fellowship, held at the MRC Epidemiology & Medical Care Unit & Clincial Research Centre, Northwick Park Hospital in N-W London where he finished training in Medicine & Diabetes as a senior registrar. After an academic year back as a visiting senior lecturer & consultant at UWI, at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Barbados, he was recruited to Manchester University Medical School as Senior Lecturer in Clinical Epidemiology, with consultant physician sessions in diabetes & hypertension.

His main focus of research continues to be the origin of ethnic differences in cardiovascular disease and diabetes, and improving the prevention and management of these conditions - the Clinical Epidemiology Group's research agenda.

Internal Advisory Panel


  • Dr. Wasim Jafri, Chair, Department of Medicine;
  • Dr. Philippe Frossard, Chair, Department of Biological and Biomedical Sciences;
  • Dr. Rabia Hussain, Microbiology and Immunology;
  • Dr. Rahat Qureshi, Department of Obstetric and gynaecology;
  • Dr. Anwar Siddiqui, Associate Dean, Research;
  • Dr. Zulfiqar Bhutta, Department of Paediatrics
  • Dr. Tazeen Jafar, Department of CHS and Medicine.