Every year, hundreds of millions of patients worldwide contract infections during the course of their treatment for other diseases, which causes complications in the delivery of health care. As a result, some patients become more seriously ill than they would otherwise have been. Consequences are prolonged stays in hospital, long-term disability and death. As well as the human cost, health care systems carry a massive additional financial burden.
Patients admitted to critical areas such as Intensive Care Unit (ICU), high dependency unit or undergoing an operation are more vulnerable because of having poor resistance to infection and their proximity to other patients with critical illnesses. Poor Infection control can arise due to the nature of primary disease or major surgery or long duration central lines and indwelling catheters which are crucial for patient management.
Speakers from different specialties including Anaesthesia, Surgery, Medicine, Infection Control and Nursing highlighted the various aspects of international standards and guidelines for preventing and treating the different types of infections. A multidisciplinary approach and an effective infection control programme including continuous education of health care workers, active surveillance, audit and implementation of simple preventive measures which can reduce infection were emphasised.
Aga Khan University regularly organises CME seminars and workshops for referring physicians. These programmes are designed to provide a current and practical update on the management of medical problems faced by primary care physicians and specialists.